TURÍBIO SANTOS (São Luis / MA, March 7, 1943)

             At the age of three, Turíbio Soares Santos came with his family to Rio de Janeiro. After initial lodging with the maternal grandmothers in Tijuca, they moved to Copacabana in 1948. The serenader father was very fond of guitar and collected records by Dilermando Reis, among others. Interested in music, at the age of twelve, he had his first guitar lessons. Soon after, accompanied by his father, while watching a film about the Spanish master Andrés Segovia, he met the Portuguese Antonio Rebello (owner of butchery in Copacabana and teacher of guitar), a fundamental character in his professional training, besides the composer Hermínio Bello de Carvalho and Of the guitarist Jodacil Damasceno, who presented on Radio MEC the guitar program Yesterday and Today, dedicated to the history and literature of the instrument.

In 1958, still student of the Pedro II College, Turíbio was summoned by the pair to replace them attending a conference of the composer Heitor Villa-Lobos in the School of Orfeônico Corner in Urca. Instructed with the task of jotting down all the details of the lecture, he was enthralled by the stories and the surrounding figure of the new idol, from whom he would record his complete work. In 1961, when she presented herself as a guitarist at a conference by Hermínio Bello de Carvalho about master Heitor Villa-Lobos (died 1959), he was invited by the widow Arminda Villa-Lobos to record the first full version of the 12 studies dedicated to Andrés Segovia , For the newly founded Villa-Lobos Museum. Student of the National Faculty of Architecture, from 1962, Turíbio Santos began to perform in recitals and recorded (in duo with Uruguayan friend and professor Oscar Cáceres) the following year the LP Villa-Lobos: 12 Estudios para Violão (seal Caravelle ).

When, in 1965, he won the first prize of the International Guitar Competition of the ORTF (Office of Radiodiffussionet Télévision Française), his career as a professional musician became inevitable: the architecture "took the wind" and was happy to reside in Paris for ten years , Beginning studies of classic guitar with the English Julian Bream and the already cited Andrés Segovia. At that time, he recorded the album Turíbio Santos: Concerto de Aranjuez (Musidisc, 1968), with the orchestra of Le Collegium Musicum de Paris, and included four more Spanish works, chosen by him. As exclusive artist of the label Erato were published a series of discs: Villa-Lobos: 12 études pour Guitare; Villa-Lobos: concerto pour guitare & petit orchester; Classiques d'Amerique Latine; Musique Française pour Guitare; Turíbio Santos & Oscar Cáceres: music pour deux guitares; Danses Espagnoles; Le Charme de La Guitare; Valsas et Choros - Turíbio Santos et son ensemble "Choros do Brasil", among others. During this period, she has performed on various radio programs and toured various countries participating in concerts (as a soloist) at the Orchester National de France, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra in London, and recitals alongside the Russian cellist Mstislav Rostropovitch and the Spanish soprano Victoria de Los Angeles, among others. Back in Brazil, Turíbio Santos published the book Heitor Villa-Lobos E O Violão, published in 1975 by the Villa-Lobos Museum.

In 1977, he recorded the LP Choros do Brasil (Tapecar label), an excellent repertoire (Dengoso - JoãoPernambuco, Choro da Saudade - Agustin Barrios, Tristezas de una Violão - Garoto, Dilsonmando Reis), accompanied by talented instrumentalists such as Raphael Rabello (guitar 7 strings), Jonas (cavaquinho), components of his set, which gives the name to the disc. In the same year, he performed with guitarist Yehudi Menuhin at his famous annual festival in Gstaad, in the Swiss Alps. In the early 1980s, the Kuarup label released Latin American Guitar Greatest Hits from the original French version, including Vals Venezolano (Antonio Lauro), Ecos de Paisage (Alfonso Broqua). Invited by the writer and friend Guilherme de Figueiredo, he directed the Cecília Meireles Room for six months and created the "guitar course" at the former National School of Music (UFRJ) and UNI-RIO.

In 1984, he participated in the precious album Encontro (seal Kuarup), alongside Paulo Moura (sax), Clara Sverner (piano) and Olivia Byington (voice), in which he performed as a soloist in the band Suite Nordestina (songs by Luiz Gonzaga and Humberto Teixeira), in addition to duos and with all the other members of the disc. The following year, with the death of her friend Arminda Villa-Lobos, invited to direct the Museum, she preferred to act as an advisor, which she did for more than twenty years. Still in 1985, he performed his brilliant project Turíbio Santos and Brazilian Guitar Orchestra (Kuarup label), when he gathered 26 guitarist students under his regency and performed Maracatu do Chico Rei (Francisco Mignone), Baião (Roberto Gnattali).

In 1987, the Villa-Guitar LP: Heitor-Villa-Lobos (Kuarup), exhibited the master's masterpiece for solo guitar: five preludes, one cries and twelve studies. The following year, for the European music market, Turíbio Santos made a success with the album Guitar Music of Spain (Sanctus Recordings, 1988), a trip for classics of Spanish music as Memories of the Alhambra (Francisco Tárrega), Mallorca Op. Isaac Albéniz), Theme and Variations (Fernando Sor). In independent production, Turíbio edited the precious LP Brasileiríssimo (1989), with highlights for the choros Um A Zero (Pixinguinha, Benedito Lacerda), Graúna (João Pernambuco), and frevo Gostosão (Nelson Ferreira).

In 1993, he honored his instrument of work, authors and interpreters with The Brazilian Guitar of Turíbio Santos (Columbia label), in brilliant moments: Jorge do Fusa (Boy), Small Suite Nordestina (Radamés Gnattali). Another admirable album by Turíbio, Fantasia Brasileira (Visom label, 1994), featured a series of Teatro do Maranhão suites, tribute to his home state (Rua das Hortas, Waltz by Arthur Azevedo), five pieces for guitar (authors of Guinga): The Windy Cry, the song Seven Stars (partner with Aldir Blanc). Recorded live in the late Mistura Fina, he released the CD Mistura Fina (Visom, 1997), accompanied by Pedro Amorim (mandolin), Zé Nogueira (sax), among others and added to his repertoire the choros Nostalgia (Jacob do Bandolim), No Bandstand (Pedro Amorim), Language of Black (Honorino Lopes).

The following year, the album Turíbio Santos: Latinidad (Warner Music) presented the unpublished Prelude Nº 4 (autoral) and Brushed (Ernesto Nazareth). Still in 1998, with a new lineup, Turíbio Santos & The Guitar Orchestra (Visom label), always applauded in Legend of Caboclo (Villa-Lobos), Samba Suite by Ary Barroso (Terra Seca, Na Baixa do Sapateiro, Watercolor of Brazil ). In 1999, he recorded the CD Turíbio Santos: O Guarani (Ritornelo Records), with the participation of guitarist Leandro Carvalho, interpret the opening and the Quilombo suite of the famous opera by the Brazilian composer Carlos Gomes, as well as several pieces by the pioneers Chiquinha Gonzaga (Parade) and Ernesto Nazareth (Brejeiro). With the peculiar title Johann Sebastian Bach, he visits the Atlantic Forest (Rob Digital, 2001), the guitarist executed works by the German composer JS Bach in (Fuga, Prelúdio em Ré Menor) in parallel with Villa-Lobos compositions (Preludio Nº 3, Study No. 1), accompanied by Francisco Frias 'guitar and Ricardo Costa' s percussion. Recorded live in concert in the Cecília Meireles / RJ Room, Turíbio with soprano Carol McDavit, CD Amazônia É Brasil (Rob Digital, 2003), travels through our erudite songbook in various pearls: Modinha (Villa-Lobos, Manuel Bandeira ), Love in Tears (Cláudio Santoro, Vinicius de Moraes), Azulão (Jaime Ovalle, Manuel Bandeira).

In 2006, the musician studied and reunited in the CD Guitar Amigo: songs of all time (Delira Music label), several pieces of the traditional popular, harmonized by him: Prenda Minha, Boi da Cara Preta, On This Street. The following year, he released The album Turíbio Santos interprets Agustín Barrios (Delira Music, 2007), of whom recorded songs for the already mentioned label Erato, in the 70s in Paris. In addition to the prelude La Catedral, released in his Parisian debut in 1967. His latest CD published Mistura Brasileira (Delira Music, 2008) , Recorded songs by Tom Jobim alongside the idol Villa-Lobos, and revered other players of the guitar with the Suite Lords (Seu Maurício - Batuque, Seu Quincas - Marchinha, Seu Sátiro - Carimbó).

Having learned with so many masters of the guitar, together with his numerous researches, with a solid knowledge of the history and potentiality of the same, enthusiast of the roots and musical riches of his country, vigorous, intimate and sophisticated interpreter, versatile and creative in the most varied styles , Where harmony, melody and rhythm stand out, Turíbio Santos is one of the most important guitarists, with a brilliant trajectory, in the whole world scene.

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