CLAUDIONOR CRUZ
(Paraibuna / MG, April 1, 1910 - Rio de Janeiro, June 21, 1995)

            Son of a military band master in Juiz de Fora, Claudionor José da Cruz started playing bass guitar, at the age of nine, influenced by his father. Around 1924, wanting to learn cavaquinho, he went to Rio de Janeiro, going to a pension in Rua dos Invalidos, started selling newspapers, and making his first compositions.

In the early thirties, he began to act as drummer and singer of a small dance ensemble, when he met his dearest and most constant partner Pedro Caetano. The first recordings of the pair were by the singer Augusto Calheiros, with the samba song O Tocador de Violão (1935) and the waltz Caprichos do Destino, played by Orlando Silva (1938), as well as Francisco Alves with the carnival marching band I Brinco (1944), all in Odeon seal. Another important partner was Ataulfo ​​Alves with the classic samba Sei Que É Covardia, recorded by Carlos Galhardo (Victor, 1939). Arlindo Ferreira (first guitar), Bola Sete (second guitar) and Jair do Pandeiro, formed the famous Claudionor Cruz and his ensemble, creating a sound identity of their own, including their tenor acoustic guitar. Four strings, replacing the traditional cavaquinho. At that time, the group accompanied Francisco Alves in the samba recording of Herivelto Martins, as Goodbye (with Jararaca), Guerra Acab Tomorrow (with Great Othello), Faces Work (with Bob Silva), What King Is Me? (With Waldemar Resurrection), in addition to Poor Life (Rubens Soares, Erathostenes Frazão) all of 1944, and still Haja Carnaval Or No (coautorship of Pedro Caetano) and Izaura (Herivelto Martins, Roberto Roberti), dated 1945.

The ensemble has undergone alterations over more than thirty years of existence, having performed on the Tupi, Globo and Nacional Radios, as well as accompanying other singers such as Orlando Silva, Dircinha Batista, Augusto Calheiros, Ângela Maria. In 1956, was launched the exquisite LP Samba de Morro: Claudionor Cruz e Sua Gente, with several gems: Morena Boca de Ouro (Ary Barroso), Exaltação À Mangueira (Enéas Brites da Silva, Aloísio Augusto da Costa), and its authorship When O Pau Ate (with José Otrini), Said I Said (with Pedro Caetano). On the label Rosicler / Chantecler recorded in 1972, unpublished compositions for the LP Claudionor Cruz - Today, with special participation of the singer Gilberto Milfont in Rio Antigo and Choro Triste (partnerships with Mário Amorim), of the Opson choir in Virgínia Flor (with Mário Amorim ) And Comes Dawn (with Arcy Barbosa, Anibal Silva). In 1977, he was part of the prestigious project Six and Half, in the João Caetano Theater, with the singer Odete Amaral and the Galo Preto ensemble. Recognized as a great whiner, the great Terno Carioca CD interpreted Claudionor Cruz (SESC Rio Som, 2009) was released, with the talented Pedro Aragão (mandolin, tenor guitar), Luiz Flávio Alcofra (guitar) and Lena Verani (clarinet) Repertoire and exquisite arrangements, highlights for the already mentioned Caprichos do Destino, Nova Illusion (voice of Bia Paes Leme), Duas Vidas (all coauthories of Pedro Caetano), Predileto (with José de Freitas), Chico Flores, voice of Zélia Duncan (Coautorship of Pedro Caetano), Old Black Day.

Save Claudionor Cruz and his melodious guitar, which immortalized sambas, choros, waltzes, marches and everything else that is genuinely national product.


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