Music in the second half of the IXX century:

            Henrique Alves de Mesquita (conductor, instrumentalist, composer, 1830-1906) was the first Brazilian musician to win a scholarship to study at the prestigious Paris Conservatory, sponsored by Dom Pedro II. Born as creator of the Brazilian tango with the song Olhos Matadores, published in 1871; Hilário Jovino Ferreira (carnavalesco, composer, 1850-1933) founded the Gold King, the first ranch to parade on the carnival days, in 1873; Juca Kalut (José Lourenço Viana) (composer, emeritus teacher of flute, 1857-1922); Viriato Figueira da Silva (flautist, saxophonist and composer, 1851-1883); Mário Álvares da Conceição (composer, cavaquinista, 1861-1905), inventor of the five-string cavaquinho.


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