JACKSON DO PANDEIRO
(Alagoa Grande / PB, August 31, 1919 - Brasilia / DF, July 10, 1982)

            From an early age, José Gomes Filho played zabumba and accompanied his mother Flora Mourão, respected coconut singer, in the region of Brejo da Paraíba. With the death of his father, he moved with his family to Campina Grande, at the age of 11, in a painful four-day walk, going to work as a baker's helper. In 1939, when he stood out as a pandeirista in occasional presentations, he finally left the "heat of the furnaces" to enter the set of the Casino Eldorado, luxurious cabaret of the city, like Jack of the Pandeiro, named for liking Western movies, starring the actor Jack Perry.

This time by train, in 1944, the restless tambourine landed in João Pessoa, and after some initial difficulties to get used to it, he was invited to join the cast of Radio Tabajara, the most important orchestra in the state, where also the saxophonist Moacir Santos. In 1947, Joseph Jackson's name was announced on the radio's daily schedule as a Trio Tabajara participant, with growing popularity in the handling of his instrument and quirky juggling. The following year, he traveled to Recife, contracted by the newly inaugurated Radio Jornal do Recife. Renamed as Jackson do Pandeiro, he also started acting as an exclusive singer of sambas.

From 1953, recorded in the city its first successes in 78 rpm (seal Copacabana). After winning the Rio listeners with his infectious voice and rhythm after the 54th carnival, Jackson embarked on board the ship Vera Cruz to Rio de Janeiro with Genival Macedo, representative of Copacabana in the northeast. There, he would meet with the singer and dancer Almira Castilho, with whom he formed a new pair of great success in Recife. Interviewed on his arrival, on the first impressions of the city, he did not hesitate: Home, it looks like a tray of couscous ... With presentations in the famous programs César de Alencar and Paulo Gracindo, Jackson and Almira conquered Rio de Janeiro forever, where Remained for three months.

In 1955, already installed permanently, with housing in the neighborhood of Gloria, the historic LP 10ꞌ Jackson do Pandeiro (Copacabana) was published, with initial records in 78 rpm of the rouão Forró In Limoeiro and the coco Sebastiana (Rosil Cavalcanti), among others . The following year, he recorded the amusing LP 10ꞌ Forró do Jackson (Copacabana), with a photo of the couple Almira and Jackson, which included the coconut Falso Toureiro (José Gomes, Heleno Clemente) and the baião Rosa (Rui de Morais e Silva). Also at that time, TV Tupi included in its program O Forró do Jackson, with the pair still participating in other concurred programs of auditorium, besides trips to São Paulo, with presentations in the radio and Television Record. Also Itacolomi TV and Rádio Guarani, in Belo Horizonte, entered the circuit, repeating the great impact of their performances. Passionate about football (a fan of Flamengo and Atletico Minas Gerais), Jackson still had the happiness of celebrating the Brazilian victory in the 58th World Cup, in a special program by Paulo Gracindo on Rádio Nacional, his new home. In 1959, the album Jackson Of Pandeiro (Columbia label), highlighting authorial compositions I'm going to Search Maria (with Severino Ramos), Cantiga do Sapo (with Buco do Pandeiro), and the mega hit Chiclete Com Banana (Gordurinha, José Gomes).

In 1960, another Copacabana compilation featured the Jackson LP of Pandeiro: his majesty, the king of rhythm, perfect title for interpretations and repertoire of great successes: Forró Em Caruaru (Zé Dantas), Cabo Tenório (Rosil Cavalcanti), O Canto da Ema (Alventino Cavalcanti, Aires Viana, João do Vale), Falsa Patroa (Geraldo Jacques, Isaías de Freitas). In that same year, hired by Philips, he recorded the albums: Jackson do Pandeiro: from North to South (1960), a highlight of his work Filomena and Fedegoso (with Elias Soares), O Trabalho Que Deu (with Rosil Cavalcanti) and Praia do Janga (Almira Castilho, Heleno Clemente); Rhythm, Melody and the Personality of Jackson of the Pandeiro (1961), always vibrant in its performances: Leave Me For It (Venâncio, Corumba), Ferina Language (Elias Soares, Oldemar Magalhães), Nor Banco do Brasil (partnership with Maruim) ; Jackson de Pandeiro: More Rhythm (1961), in relaxed tracks, he signs: I'm Gonna Get Married (with Rosil Cavalcanti), Police Case (with Osvaldo Oliveira) and the repertoire of Urubu Wet (Rosil Cavalcanti, Bezerra da Silva); The Joy of Home! Jackson do Pandeiro and Almira Castilho (1962), new hits: Como Tem Zé Para Paraíba (Manezinho Araújo, Catulo de Paula), Maria do Angá (Antônio Barros, Aleixo Ourique), Viola Afinada (Venâncio, Corumba); It's Batucada! Jackson of the Pandeiro, Almira Castilho and the Ritmo Empolgante dos Reis of Batucada (1962), very samba in the foot to check: Saia Rôta (Riachão), Jacaré Bebeu (partnership with B. da Silva, A. de Jesus), Morro Cai (Raimundo Evangelista, Antônio Barros); Road of Roça: Jackson do Pandeiro, Almira Castilho, Zé Calixto (1963), during times of festivals: São João Na Roça, Ignited A Bonfire, partnerships with Antônio Barros and Maruim, respectively; Forró de Zé Lagoa (1963): besides the band (of Rosil Cavalcanti) that gives name to the disc, deserves to mention: Seguro Morreu de Velho (Manezinho Araújo, Rubens Machado); He has Jabaculê: Jackson do Pandeiro and Almira Castilho (1964), with highlights for: Who Knows Not to Drink (Elino Julião, Severino Ramos), Babá de Babá (Almira Castilho, Waldemar Silva), Forró In Casa Amarela (João Silva, Sebastião da Conceição); Our Stuff: Jackson & Almira (1965), great partnerships with Bezerra da Silva (Lazy), Jota Júnior and Álvaro Castilho (Sarrabulho), among others; And Let's Go! Jackson do Pandeiro and Almira Castilho (1965), garimpa pearls: In Balanço do Balaio (Severino Ramos), Tililingo (Almira Castilho), The Good Xaxador (Antônio Barros, Jackson do Pandeiro).

In 1966, the LP Jackson do Pandeiro: o cabra da peste (Continental label), also brought a lot of balance and rhythm of the nostalgic northeastern music in tracks, such as: Capoeira Mata Um (Álvaro Castilho, De Castro), Forró Quentinho (Almira Castilho) , Daddy Goes by Train (Ivo Martins, Jackson of Pandeiro). In the following year, the LP Jackson do Pandeiro: the northern coals (Cantagalo label) continues the successes and marks the dissolution of the duo with Almira Castilho: Vila Mariana (Severino Ramos, José Guimarães), De Araque Ze (Maruim), Babysitter (Antônio Barros, Jackson do Pandeiro). Again in the label Cantagalo (1968), another great release with the LP Jackson of Pandeiro: is a success, it is worth mentioning, among others: Gabriela's father (Elino Julião, José Jesus), Esquel Lelê (Jackson do Pandeiro, Luis Moreno) Freedom Too Many (Raimundo Olavo, Jackson do Pandeiro).

At the beginning of 1968, he suffered a tragic accident when he drove his car near Penha, losing his friend Protássio Lacerda, his neighbor in Pottery, where he now lived with his family and his new companion, Bahía Neuza Flores, radio listener and his admirer. In 1970, in the album Aqui Tô Eu (seal Philips) re-recorded several successes and presented unpublished Maria da Pá-virada (co-author of Betinho), Have a Cause of Me (with Ivo Marins). Then, on the CBS label, there were the LPs: O Dono do Forró (1971), among the tracks: Cachimbo Chato (Zé Catraca), That Foot of Pitomba (Barbosa da Silva); Sina de Cigarra (1972), good to hear: Mania de Mangar (with José Batista), Catirina (Jararaca); She has a Woman, Tô Lá (1973), dancing, seductive and fun: Peanut Syrup (Severino Ramos, Paulo Patrício), Has Woman Tô Lá (Zé Catraca, J. Luna). The following year he released Jackson do Pandeiro: Nossas Raízes (Alvorada / Chantecler), a lively party of rhythms: Forrobodó (Joca de Castro, Carim Mussi), Samba E O Pandeiro (partner with Ivo Marins), where he gives his message (... Maria brings my tambourine there / he is my treasure / it is with him that I make a hot samba ...). In 1976, he divides the album Mutirão (Alvorada / Chantecler) with other performers and sings Dona Totonha (Tony Garça, Alventino Cavalcanti), Vamos Saculejar (Asunción Correia, José Batista). Again, by label Alvorada / Chantecler recorded the LPs Um Nordestino Alegre (1977) and Alegria Minha Gente (1978). That same year, with public record Jackson of the Pandeiro and Alceu Valença presented / displayed an exciting show in the Theater Pixinguinha / SP.

In 1980, Jackson repeated the dose, this time dividing the stage with the singers Anastácia and Cátia de França at Teatro Dulcina / RJ. His last album É É Forró (Polyfar / Philips, 1981 label), between sambas and forrós, left his message in Head Made, Proficient Too (coauthored by Sebastião Batista da Silva and Valdemar Lima, respectively), Has Little Difference With health weakened by two recent infarctions, Jackson presented himself, on July 3, 1982, as the main attraction accompanied by the loyal group Borborema (Severo - accordion, Vicente - pandeiro , Passinho - guitar and the Tinda brothers - triangle and Cicero - zabumba), in a June party in the luxurious Park Way Mansions Sector in Brasilia. With public excitement provoking a show of more than an hour, Jackson exhausted by the excess committed could not get on the plane the next day, entering a coma and coming to die days later in the ICU of the Base Hospital of the federal capital.

With little education, Jackson do Pandeiro was a master of the spontaneous popular song, author of a vast work including coconuts, rojões, sambas, frevos, xotes and baiões, exceptional rhythmist with his touches and juggles, with a remarkable voice, anasalada, his presentations were Funny, witty, loaded with improvisations, involving the public with his charisma, a true "showman."

In 2004, the double CD Jackson of Pandeiro: 50 Years of Rhythms (EMI Music), a comprehensive and significant compilation of the masterful work of the artist from Paraiba, presents among others already mentioned: Disc One: Boi Brabo (Rosil Cavalcanti), Galo Al Cantou (Edgar Morais), Vou Gargalhar (Edgar Ferreira), Coco do Norte (Rosil Cavalcanti); Disco Dois: Velho Sapeca (Antonio Barros, J. Saccomani), My Boss (José Gomes, Riachão), Who Samba Fica (Jackson do Pandeiro, Edson Menezes, João Rosa), João Cumpadre (Rosil Cavalcanti, Jackson do Pandeiro). In 2011, the label Discobertas released the interesting Jackson CD of Pandeiro Ao Vivo, gathering medley and other recordings in tape cassette (1980) and The Subject É Dinheiro (Altamiro Carilho, Iracy de Oliveira), Maria Gasolina (Cláudio Paraíba), LPs Promotional products. In 2014, the Jackson CD of the Pandeiro: Rarities (Discobertas) was published, with prominence for the marchinhas "Tá Como O Diabo Gosta" (A. Garcia, Enock Figueiredo), A Negra Balançou (Otolindo Lopes, Adauto Michelles).


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